Forts in Udaipur
Udaipur, the city commonly called in the name “the lake city of India” is one of the historic cities in India and hosts a large number of monuments including palaces and forts. The forts and palaces in this historic city, located about 400 kilometers away from the capital of Rajasthan state are the major tourist attractions of Udaipur. Most of these monuments were built by the Mewar dynasty during their regime in Udaipur. Ancient forts and palaces situated within the border and around the lake city were built before centuries and still remain intact and beautiful.
The forts around city of Udaipur have so many stories of the imperial history of Mewar to explain to the tourists. One can find the signs of great battles of the Mewar dynasty in these forts. These ancestral buildings have overcome so many cyclones, earthquakes and weather changes for the past centuries and still standing on their strong foundations as a remembrance of the richness of Rajasthan culture. Without seeing these monuments a visit to the city of lakes cannot be completed.
Kumbhalgarh Fort and Chittorgarh Fort are the two major forts situated neat to the city of Udaipur. These forts were the part of the royal dynasties, who ruled the area before centuries and presently these are prominent trekking and tourist spots of Rajasthan. People from different sides of earth reach Udaipur to see theses forts and palaces.
The Chittorgarh Fort situated, in the state of Rajasthan, in India can be considered as the biggest and beautiful forts in India. During the earlier times the fort was under the control of Guhilot and on later the Sisodias took the control of the fort. The fort stands at the top of a hill, 590 ft away from the sea level. The Chittorgarh Fort also covers a large area of 691.9 acres to stand on high the plain near to the Berach River. The fort consists of several gates, palaces, towers and temples, which is a refreshing site for the travelers.
In the history of the fort, it was sacked three times. Each time the army in the fort came out of the walls and bravely fought the enemies. But every time they lost the battle. When Emperor Akbar defeated Maharana Udai Singh II in the year of 1567, Udai Singh II left the fort and founded the city of Udaipur as the new capital of the Mewar dynasty. The fort also witnessed the historic Jauhar of Rani Padmini in 1303 and Rani Karnavati in 1537 following the failure of the Mewar in protesting attacks against the Chittorgarh Fort. A journey of more than two hours from the city of Udaipur is required to reach this popular tourist destination.
The gates of the Chittorgarh FortThere are total of seven gates in the Chittorgarh Fort. Padan Pol, Hanuman Pol, Bhairon Pol, Ganesh Pol, Laxman Pol, Jodla Pol, and the main gate known in the name Ram Pol are the seven huge gates of the Chittorgarh Fort. The seven gateways to the Chittorgarh Fort were built strong with stones to ensure better military defense to the fort. At the top end of the gates the parapets are provided for the archers to attack the enemies around the fort. The statues of many Rajput warriors who lost their lives in the battles are erected near to many of these gates. Suraj Pol is an important gate within the fort acts as the entry to the eastern wall of the fort. Jorla Pol, a combination of two gates is also an important attraction among the gates of the Chittorgarh Fort.
Kumbhalgarh was a strong fortress of the Mewar dynasty. The fort located around 80 kilometers away from the present Udaipur city is one of the prominent forts located around the historic city of Udaipur. The Kumbhalgarh gets its name from the name of Rana Kumbha, who built the fort in the 15th century. The fort is also famous as the birth place of the famous Mewar warrior Maharana Pratap. The Kumbhalgarh fort is presently a major tourist attraction in the area and keeps decorated with lights in the evening. The fort is also famous as the second major fort owned by Mewar after the Chittaurgarh fort.
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Construction of the Kumbhalgarh fortThe Kumbhalgarh fort is built on the top of a huge hill, about 1100 meter above the sea level. The front walls of the fort, built in fifteen feet thickness is more than enough to understand the strength of this ancient fort. The perimeter of the walls around the Kumbhalgarh fort is calculated to be around 36 kilometers. Including 300 ancient Jain temples, there are around 360 temples in this fort. From the walls of the fort a view of the Aravalli Range and Thar Desert is available. It is being believed that Rana Kumbha sacrificed the life of a soldier according to the advice of a spiritual preceptor to avoid the impediments in the construction of this fort. A shrine has been built to commemorate the sacrifice of this soldier, near to the Hanuman Pol in the Kumbhalgarh fort.
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